As outlined in the Malawi National Social Support Programme (MNSSP II), the Government of Malawi is deeply committed to strengthening the provision of social support and social protection for the poorest and most vulnerable in society.
The SCTP is designed to support 10% of the ultra-poor and labour constrained in each of the 28 Districts in Malawi. This 10% is established by a combination of Proxy Means Test (PMT) and community targeting (Community Social Support Committees help establish beneficiaries most in need during Community Meetings, based on lists generated by the Unified Beneficiary Registry at District-Council-level).
- Labour constrained households are households which have no ‘fit-for-work’ member or whose ratio of unfit-for-work to fit-for-work members is three (3:1) or higher. People are considered unfit for work if they are:
- Younger than 18 or older than 64 years old;
- Are in the 19-25 age bracket still attending school;
- Have a disability or suffer from a chronic illness regardless of their age.
- Ultra-poor households are determined through their Proxy Means Testing (PMT) score, and have the following characteristics:
- The household has on average only one meal per day; and/or
- The household survives from begging; and/or · The household is undernourished; and/or · The household does not possess any valuable assets; and/or · The household does not receive any monetary help, food, or gifts from others.
- Households with children aged between 6-24 are entitled to a small educational bonus to help support school attendance.
Eligible households must be ranked within the programme’s 10% cut-off point of a selected geographical area (per district). The 10% rate is a flat rate applied across Districts irrespective of the District poverty level.
Direction of Policy Travel
As outlined in the September 2020 State of the Nation Address, the Government is committed to. “increasing [the number of SCTP recipients] by five percent,” (retargeting from the poorest 10% to the poorest 15%), increasing Cash Transfer value amounts and expanding e-payment rollout beyond Ntcheu and Balaka.